Research Article Open Access

EFFECTIVE BLACK HOLE ATTACKS IN MANETS

Raja Azlina Raja Mahmood1, Zurina Mohd Hanapi1, Sazlinah Hasan1 and AsadIqbal Khan2
  • 1 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • 2 Monash University, Malaysia
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 9 No. 12, 2013, 1722-1733

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2013.1722.1733

Submitted On: 14 August 2013 Published On: 25 November 2013

How to Cite: Mahmood, R. A. R., Hanapi, Z. M., Hasan, S. & Khan, A. (2013). EFFECTIVE BLACK HOLE ATTACKS IN MANETS. Journal of Computer Science, 9(12), 1722-1733. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2013.1722.1733

Abstract

Black hole or packet drop attack is a denial of service attack on routing protocols in which malicious nodes fabricate routing information, attract packets routed through them and then deliberately drop these packets. Most of the black hole attack simulations are performed by constantly fabricating routing information and thus consistently attracting packets to them, which can be easily detected by the intrusion detection system. In this study, a complicated and difficult to detect black hole attack is proposed. The malicious nodes only perform packet drop when they are in the advantageous positions or locations in the networks. This study investigates the impact of the proposed black hole attack performed by random as well as critical nodes, to the network performance. Critical nodes are nodes that reside along the most active traffic paths and results show that the attacks performed by these nodes cause significant damage to the networks or substantial reduction in packet delivery ratio in comparison to that of random nodes.

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Keywords

  • Black Hole Attacks
  • Critical Nodes
  • Intrusion Detections Systems
  • MANETs