A Fault Tolerant Congestion Aware Routing Protocol for Mobile Adhoc Networks
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Copyright: © 2020 G. Rajkumar and K. Duraiswamy. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: The performance of ad hoc routing protocols will significantly degrade when there are faulty nodes in the network. Packet losses and bandwidth degradation are caused due to congestion and thus, time and energy is wasted during its recovery. The fault tolerant congestion aware routing protocol addresses these problems by exploring the network redundancy through multipath routing. Approach: In this study, it is proposed to design a fault tolerant congestion aware multi path routing protocol to reduce the route breakages and congestion losses. The AOMDV protocol is used as a base for the multipath routing. This proposed scheme enables more nodes to salvage a dropped packet. Results: Simulation results show that the proposed protocol achieves better throughput and packet delivery ratio with reduced delay, packet drop and energy. Conclusion: An effective congestion control technique proposed in this study proactively detects node level and link level congestion and performs congestion control using the fault-tolerant multiple paths.
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- Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET)
- Congestion Control and Fairness (CCF)
- In-Network Packet Scatter (IPS)
- End-to-End Packet Scatter (EPS)
- Biased Geographical Routing (BGR)
- Packet Sending Rate (PSR)