Research Article Open Access

Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Reduction Using Active Constellation Extension-Projection Onto Convex Sets Combined with Particle Swarm Optimization Added to Space Time Bloc Coding in Multiple Input Multiple Output-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing System

Ahmed Ouqour1, Abdelhamid Louliej1, Younes Jabrane1, Brahim Ait Es Said1 and Abdellah Ait Ouahman1
  • 1 Cadi Ayyad University, Morocco
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8 No. 12, 2012, 2017-2024

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2012.2017.2024

Submitted On: 6 September 2012 Published On: 12 December 2012

How to Cite: Ouqour, A., Louliej, A., Jabrane, Y., Said, B. A. E. & Ouahman, A. A. (2012). Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Reduction Using Active Constellation Extension-Projection Onto Convex Sets Combined with Particle Swarm Optimization Added to Space Time Bloc Coding in Multiple Input Multiple Output-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing System. Journal of Computer Science, 8(12), 2017-2024. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2012.2017.2024

Abstract

When generated Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal is transmitted through a number of antennas in order to achieve diversity or cap any gain (higher transmission rate) then it is known as Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO)-OFDM. The full form of MIMO is multi input and multi output where signals are transmitted via multiple antennas instead of only one antenna like FDM. This technique has the potential of dramatic increase of data transmission in wireless environment. However, the transmitted signal still has high Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) because of OFDM characteristics. The proposal algorithm in this study describes a new technique using Active Constellation Extension-Projection Onto Convex Sets (ACE-POCS) combined with the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Space Time Bloc Coding (STBC) for PAPR reduction. Apply the ACE-POCS technique and independently on each transmitted antenna, was effective to reduce PAPR, but converges slowly. Therefore, the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) was introduced to fight this slowness, by searching and well reducing the PAPR. Thanks of the PSO-ACE-POCS algorithm; the transmitted sequence was selected with best PAPR reduction over all transmission antennas. The results of simulation and BER performance show that the PSO-ACE-POCS method added to STBC minimizes the PAPR with a fast convergence and low computational complexity in comparison with the ACE-POCS method applied to STBC.

  • 1,066 Views
  • 2,287 Downloads
  • 0 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR)
  • OFDM-MIMO
  • Single Input Single Output (SISO)
  • ACE-POCS
  • Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)
  • Binary Error Rate (BER)
  • High Power Amplifier (HPA)