Research Article Open Access

Cluster Based Time Division Multiple Access Scheduling Scheme for Zigbee Wireless Sensor Networks

B. Meenakshi1 and P. Anandhakumar1
  • 1 Anna University, India
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8 No. 12, 2012, 1979-1986

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2012.1979.1986

Submitted On: 9 August 2012 Published On: 26 November 2012

How to Cite: Meenakshi, B. & Anandhakumar, P. (2012). Cluster Based Time Division Multiple Access Scheduling Scheme for Zigbee Wireless Sensor Networks. Journal of Computer Science, 8(12), 1979-1986. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2012.1979.1986

Abstract

In IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee Wireless Sensor Networks, an efficient scheduling mechanism is required for reliable data transmission. Further, concurrent transmission of huge data through CSMA/CA incurs more packet collision rate. This complicated condition has to be eliminated to improve the system throughput. In this study, we propose to deploy cluster based TDMA scheduling mechanism for IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee Wireless Sensor Networks. This TDMA slot allocation strategy allocates slots to the nodes based on queue occupancy information. It assigns TDMA slots starting from nodes with high queue occupancy value. Nodes that have high queue occupancy value will probably get long TDMA slot period. We prove the proficiency of our mechanism using Network Simulator 2 (NS-2). Our approach fairly allocates slots to the nodes and considerably reduces packet collision rate.

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Keywords

  • IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee Wireless Sensor Networks
  • TDMA
  • CSMA/CA