Research Article Open Access

Acknowledgment based Reputation Mechanism to Mitigate the Node Misbehavior in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

K. Gopalakrishnan1 and V. Rhymend Uthariaraj2
  • 1 ,
  • 2 , Afganistan
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 7 No. 8, 2011, 1157-1166

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2011.1157.1166

Submitted On: 5 May 2011 Published On: 14 July 2011

How to Cite: Gopalakrishnan, K. & Uthariaraj, V. R. (2011). Acknowledgment based Reputation Mechanism to Mitigate the Node Misbehavior in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Journal of Computer Science, 7(8), 1157-1166. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2011.1157.1166

Abstract

Problem statement: The cooperation between the nodes is essential to discover and maintain routes in mobile ad hoc network. Due to the presence of misbehaving nodes, the node cooperation is not always guaranteed as the nodes agreed during the route discovery phase. This phenomenon results in frequent network partitioning and it makes the routing process difficult. It also degrades the overall network performance and increases the control overhead due to frequent route discovery. Approach: This study proposed an Acknowledgment based Reputation Mechanism (ARM) to detected and isolated the misbehaving links in mobile ad hoc networks. The proposed system introduced a novel dynamic acknowledgment ratio to make the nodes to request its second hop successor in the source route to acknowledge the receipt of the packet. This makes the nodes to detect the behavior of the next hop links and to select the trusted routes for its transmissions. Results: The measured parameters such as packet drop ratio, malicious drop, false detection and send buffer drop are reduced greatly. The results also compared with the existing scheme and with original routing protocol performance. Conclusion/Recommendations: The proposed scheme performs better in detecting and isolating the misbehaving links. The overall network packet drop was decreased which in turn increase the overall network throughput. This shows that the proposed acknowledgment scheme discovers the trusted routes with the presence of misbehaving nodes.

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Keywords

  • Routing security
  • node misbehavior
  • mobile ad hoc network
  • reputation mechanism
  • dynamic source routing
  • computational resources
  • misbehaving link list
  • routing protocol