Research Article Open Access

Myocardial Motion Analysis of Echocardiography Images using Optical Flow Radial Direction Distribution

Slamet Riyadi1, Mohd Marzuki Mustafa2 and Aini Hussain1
  • 1 ,
  • 2 , Afganistan
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 7 No. 7, 2011, 1046-1051

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2011.1046.1051

Submitted On: 16 February 2011 Published On: 28 June 2011

How to Cite: Riyadi, S., Mustafa, M. M. & Hussain, A. (2011). Myocardial Motion Analysis of Echocardiography Images using Optical Flow Radial Direction Distribution. Journal of Computer Science, 7(7), 1046-1051. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2011.1046.1051

Abstract

Problem statement: Myocardial motion is important information for physicians in diagnosing cardiac abnormalities. The motion vector of myocardial can be computed using optical flow technique, which then can be further analyzed based on its magnitude and angle. In practice, physicians are not concern about the angle of vector itself, but are more interested on whether a segment is moving to the center or not. Approach: Therefore, in this study we propose a relative motion direction with respect to the center of the cardiac cavity, called radial direction, which is more useful for diagnosis. The radial direction is computed as the difference between the angle of optical flow at a point of interest and the angle between the point and the cavity center. Because of the difficulty in performing analysis based solely on individual vectors, it is helpful to visualize and extract the overall trend by representing motion vectors by their angular distribution. Results: This method has been tested on clinical echocardiography sequences and has been shown to be successful in providing a radial direction profile of every segment for each echocardiographic frame. A comparison between the normal angular distribution and the proposed radial direction profile was also presented. Conclusion: The proposed profile was shown to be successful in providing the pattern of segmental motion which is easier for physician to analyze the myocardial motion compared with the normal angular distribution as well as more invariant to segment locations.

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Keywords

  • Echocardiography images
  • myocardial motion
  • radial direction
  • segmental profile
  • segmental motion
  • Parasternal Short Axis view (PSAX)
  • Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)
  • cardiovascular disease
  • Left Ventricular (LV)