Research Article Open Access

A Constitutive Model for Multi-Line Simulation of Granular Material Behavior Using Multi-Plane Pattern

S. A. Sadrnejad1, A. Saedi Daryan2 and M. Ziaei1
  • 1 ,
  • 2 , Afganistan
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 5 No. 11, 2009, 822-830


Published On: 30 November 2009

How to Cite: Sadrnejad, S. A., Daryan, A. S. & Ziaei, M. (2009). A Constitutive Model for Multi-Line Simulation of Granular Material Behavior Using Multi-Plane Pattern. Journal of Computer Science, 5(11), 822-830.


Problem statement: Improper understanding of material behavior prevents the efficient and correct usage of available materials and consequently, increases the construction and maintenance costs and even unsuitable construction. Considering the necessity of exact investigation about material behavior, several researches have been carried out in this field but the majority of these researches did not propose a general method for prediction of granular material behavior. Furthermore, many of the methods proposed by researchers are not able to present the properties such as the orientation of failure mechanism of propagating plasticity in materials. Approach: In this study, a general method was proposed for multi-laminate simulation to predict the behavior of materials. The general applicability of this method for prediction of granular material is one of its significant advantages. The study was carried out in the framework of multi-plane pattern which is able to predict anisotropic behavior, consider the effect of stress and strain axis rotations in plasticity, consider the semi-micro mechanical history and finally predict the orientation of failure mechanism. The method was presented in a matter that there is no limitation for different shapes of stress-strain curves. Results: It was concluded that using this method, fundamental properties of material such as material fracture, orientation of failure, anisotropic behavior of material, separation of behavior in several planes and rotation of principle axis of stress and strain during nonlinear behavior can be determined. Conclusion/Recommendations: This method can be used for complicated material behavior simulation under seismic loading, cyclic loading or fatigue effects. For future works, the method can be extended by increasing the number of planes. Higher-order equations can also be used to have a more accurate approximation of stress-strain curve.

  • 4 Citations



  • Mechanical behavior
  • Multi-line model
  • Multi-plane pattern