Analytic Performability Model of Vertical Handoff in Wireless Networks
- 1 , Afganistan
- 2 ,
Copyright: © 2020 Gowrishankar, G. N. Sekhar and P. S. Satyanarayana. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: The next generation wireless systems should be designed to support heterogeneous traffic with seamless mobility. A single network alone cannot cope up with such heterogeneous requirements. Hence it is desirable to interoperate between diverse and complementary Radio Access Technologies (RATs). In such system, user will switch between different Radio Access Technologies (RATs) to satisfy the User/application requirement and this process is known as Vertical Handoff (VHO). The process of network switching had three phases, network discovery, handoff decision and execution. The decision phase played a crucial role in resource utilization and user/application Quality of Service (QoS) requirement. Hence it was essential to model and evaluate the handoff decision system along with VHO system model. Approach: The traditional performance models were optimistic models and would evaluate the system performance under ideal condition by ignoring failures and recovery in the system. The availability models were conservative models and would assess the availability/reliability of the system. The performabality models were combined models of performance and reliability. The performablity models were more realistic models of the system due to the simultaneous consideration of performance and reliability. Here the VHO process of a next generation wireless system was modeled and evaluated by an analytic performablity model and performance of decision system is evaluated through the sensitivity analysis of VHO decision parameter. Results: In VHO performance evaluation, the metrics of performance evaluation are handoff dropping probability and new call blocking probability. The dynamics of these metrics are depends on set of wireless network parameter such as Available Bandwidth (ABW), users, Bit Error Rate (BER) and network traffic. The ABW, BER and network traffic is also parameter for VHO decisions. The results of performance evaluation are used to develop a novel intelligent vertical handoff decision technique to achieve optimum tradeoff between set of handoff decision criteria. Finally, sensitivity analysis of system parameters on four traffic classes and two vertical handoff decision algorithms along with intelligent vertical handoff decision method were presented. Conclusion: The results of sensitivity analysis depicted that the VHO process in next generation wireless system needs intelligent criteria based technique at the decision making phase of VHO process.
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- Radio access technologies
- vertical handoff
- quality of service
- multi criteria decision making and artificial neural network