Review Article Open Access

A Review on Eco-Restoration of Rivers with Special Focus on Industrial Wastewater Treatment

K Srividya1, Godwin Glivin1, V Sreeja2 and M Premalatha1
  • 1 National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, India
  • 2 St. Xavier’s Catholic College of Engineering, India
Energy Research Journal
Volume 12 No. 1, 2021, 22-38

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/erjsp.2021.22.38

Submitted On: 1 October 2020 Published On: 12 January 2021

How to Cite: Srividya, K., Glivin, G., Sreeja, V. & Premalatha, M. (2021). A Review on Eco-Restoration of Rivers with Special Focus on Industrial Wastewater Treatment. Energy Research Journal, 12(1), 22-38. https://doi.org/10.3844/erjsp.2021.22.38

Abstract

Rivers are the lifeline of an ecosystem, since every member of the ecosystem depends directly or indirectly upon them for their sustenance. Changes in the riparian conditions would strongly impact the ecosystem-to-organism interactions and inter-organism interactions. Due to lack of regulations and widespread use of technology for industrial wastewater treatment, most of the industrial discharge ends up in the river. This leads to increased toxicity and river pollution and can be remedied only through restoring the ecological conditions of the river. Eco-restoration of rivers is meaningless without addressing the reason behind river pollution hence feasible industrial wastewater treatment methods are discussed in this study, with emphasis on their practicality and effectiveness.

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Keywords

  • River Pollution
  • Industrial Wastewater Treatment
  • Sustainability
  • Ecological Restoration