Informatics About Fear to Report Rapes Using Bumped-Up Poisson Model
- 1 Texas State University, United States
Copyright: © 2021 Ramalingam Shanmugam. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The rape victims are frightened to report with a fear of retaliation or humiliation. Consequently, the number of reported rapes is under-estimated. How should the number of unreported rapes be identified is discussed in this article. For this purpose, the Poisson distribution is modified and it is named Bumped-up Poisson distribution in this article. Related probability-informatics are derived to estimate the unreported rapes and proportion fearing to report. A hypothesis testing procedure is developed to assess the significance of an estimated proportion fearing. Our approach is tried with the reported rapes during the years 2007 and 2008 in a random sample of nations in all the continents. Proximities among the nations are identified in rape incidences.
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- Conditional Probability
- Odds Ratio