Research Article Open Access

Chaenomeles Sinensis: A Potent α-and β-Glucosidase Inhibitor

Shruti Sancheti1, Sandesh Sancheti1 and Sung-Yum Seo1
  • 1 ,
American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Volume 4 No. 1, 2009, 8-11

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajptsp.2009.8.11

Submitted On: 30 January 2009 Published On: 31 March 2009

How to Cite: Sancheti, S. & Seo, S. (2009). Chaenomeles Sinensis: A Potent α-and β-Glucosidase Inhibitor. American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 4(1), 8-11. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajptsp.2009.8.11

Abstract

Problem statement: Glycosidase inhibitors are vital sources for the treatment of diabetes type II with a special importance in pharmacology, food industry and biotechnology, since for diabetes control, different diets and drugs, especially herbal medicines are recommended in this era. Approach: While screening for the potent natural glycosidase inhibitors, we found the fruits of Chaenomeles sinensis (C. sinensis), as the most effective glycosidase inhibitor. The crude 80% methanolic extract of the fruits and its n-hexane, methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and aqueous fractions were further investigated for α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase, α-galactosidase and β-galactosidase enzyme inhibition activities. Results: All the C. sinensis extracts showed remarkable α-glucosidase and β-glucosidase inhibitory activities (at a concentration of 5 μg 210 μL reaction-1) ranging from 82-99 and 5-85%, respectively. Among all the inhibition studies, n-butanol fraction demonstrated the highest (99%) α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, whereas minor α-galactosidase (18-35%) and β-galactosidase (10-34%) inhibitions were examined in all the fractions of C. sinensis. Conclusion: C. sinensis fruits may prove as potent natural anti-diabetic source with noteworthy α-glucosidase and β-glucosidase inhibitions, because the inhibition of these enzymes provide a strong biochemical basis for the management of type II diabetes by controlling glucose absorption. These results provide intense rationale for further animal and clinical studies.

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Keywords

  • Chaenomeles Sinensis
  • α-glucosidase
  • β-glucosidase
  • α-galactosidase
  • β-galactosidase