Research Article Open Access

Soil Organic Carbon Pool and its Storage in Arial Beel Wetland Soils of Bangladesh

Md. Faruque Hossain1, ASM Maksud Kamal2, Monera Akhter Eva3, S Mosaddeq Ahmed1 and Zakia Parveen2
  • 1 American International University-Bangladesh, Bangladesh
  • 2 University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 3 German University Bangladesh, Bangladesh
American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 16 No. 3, 2020, 55-67

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2020.55.67

Submitted On: 27 February 2020
Published On: 17 August 2020

How to Cite: Hossain, M. F., Kamal, A. M., Eva, M. A., Ahmed, S. M. & Parveen, Z. (2020). Soil Organic Carbon Pool and its Storage in Arial Beel Wetland Soils of Bangladesh. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 16(3), 55-67. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2020.55.67

Abstract

The actual quantity of Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) stored in wetlands can only be estimated within a broad range of uncertainty. An accurate assessment of the size and distribution of the SOC storages in wetland resources is very difficult to obtain, therefore, the proposed research objective is to measure SOC storage and its pool on wetland soils of Arial beel in Bangladesh. Initial results of Arial beel soil profiles indicates SOC concentrations are high in surface soils ranges from 1.67 to 1.95% but its concentrations are decreasing with depth whereas SOC stock in kg C m-2 is increased with depth due to increse soil bulk density with depth. However, carbon in deeper layers may be more stable than that in surface soils due to difference in source, composition and environmental conditions. Soil organic C stored in the three different locations of wetlands soils to 1 m depth such as 16.47, 18.27 and 17.22 kg C m-2, respectively with an average of 17.32 kg C m-2. On the other hand, SOC stored in upland soils to 1m depth such as 11.24 kg C m-2, significantly less than the wetland soils, which indicates that wetland soils serve as a major source of SOC. However, this SOC act as a conditioner to enhance fertility status while combating with climatic extremes, not only that it is a vital component of soil with important effects on the functioning of terrestial ecosystems. For SOC pool, different extraction methods are used such as, highly labile fraction of SOC extracted with hot water (about 3-8% of toal SOC), water soluble fraction of SOC extracted with water (about 1% of total SOC), labile fraction is extracted using CaCl2 (about 1% of total SOC), moderately labile fraction extracted by pyrophosphate (about 4-10% of total SOC), polyaromatic SOC is extracted using toluene + methanol (trace amount of total SOC), microbial biomass C extracted by K2SO4 (about 2-5%) and the resistant fraction remaining after extraction. However, the SOC concentration is high in surface layer but with depth concentration decreases. In addition, soil bulk density and thickness values increase with depth, as a result deeper layers stored more carbon than surface layer in Arial beel soils. There is increasing evidence from the results that wetlands have an important and under-estimated role in carbon storage and its pool the regualation of greenhouse gas emission. Some types of wetlands play a particularly key role as C stores, these include forested wetlands and vegetated inter-tidal wetlands and hence, Sundarban mangrove forest and Tengarchar SOC stocks and pools measurement are an urgent issue for the Climate Change researchers and policy makers.

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Keywords

  • Wetland
  • Arial Beel
  • Soil Organic Carbon Stocks
  • Climate Change Policy
  • Greenhouse Gas Emission
  • Bangladesh