Analysis of Artificial Neural Network Point Forecasting Models and Prediction Intervals for Solar Irradiance Estimation
- 1 Federal University of Western Pará, Brazil
- 2 Federal University of Pará, Brazil
Copyright: © 2021 Antônio Fabrício Guimarães de Sousa, Helaine Cristina Moraes Furtado, Wilson Negrão Macêdo and Anderson Alvarenga de Moura Meneses. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
An accurate knowledge on solar irradiance prediction is particularly required for proper development and planning of Photovoltaic (PV) energy systems. The main purpose of the present research is to assess the accuracy of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) short-term forecast of univariate solar irradiance time series, with conventional point prediction and Prediction Intervals (PIs), comparing models. The Lower Upper Bound Estimation trained with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO-LUBE) was used for PIs estimation. Solar irradiance data collected from a station in Amazon region in Brazil was used to train and test the models. Results demonstrate that all ANN models yield good accuracy in terms of prediction error: 8.1-8.5% for normalized root Mean Square Error (nRMSE), 5.8-6.0% for normalized Mean Absolute Error (nMAE) and 94-95% for determination coefficient (R2). However, due to the accuracy of PI information (Coverage Probability = 94.94% and PI Normalized Average Width = 32.50%), PSO-LUBE was the best method tested for decision-making.
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- Solar Irradiance
- Univariate Time Series Forecasting
- Artificial Neural Networks
- Prediction Intervals