Research Article Open Access

Bibliometric Measures of Research Output of Lower Middle Income Economies

Eric Afful-Dadzie1, Stephen Nabareseh2 and Petr Klimek2
  • 1 University of Ghana, Ghana
  • 2 Tomas Bata University, Czech Republic
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 14 No. 2, 2017, 340-348

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2017.340.348

Submitted On: 17 October 2016 Published On: 23 February 2017

How to Cite: Afful-Dadzie, E., Nabareseh, S. & Klimek, P. (2017). Bibliometric Measures of Research Output of Lower Middle Income Economies. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 14(2), 340-348. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2017.340.348

Abstract

To understand the path of Lower Middle Income (LMIC) Economies towards economic stability as far as Science, Technology and Innovation are concerned; this paper conducts trend analysis of research output in science-based disciplines of the 55 countries in the LMIC bracket, grouped into the 6 continents of the world. Factors of interest across the six regions were (1) source of funding for scientific research output measured against percentage share of Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD), (2) R&D share of GDP measured against three key determinants of growth in Science, Technology and Innovation (Services, value added (% of GDP); Industry, value added (% of GDP) and High technology exports (% of manufactured exports),) and (3) scientific research publications measured against the three determinants of growth in Science, Technology and Innovation. The results show that, in the period of 2000-2012, the combined performance of LMIC countries in the Oceania region were relatively higher in the Services, value added (% of GDP) and High technology exports (% of manufactured exports) than LMICs in other regions. South America's LMICs performed relatively better under Industry, value added (% of GDP) than other LMICs. The study helps to understand whether investments made in scientific research in LMICs have corresponding effect on the production of Science, Technology and Innovation.

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Keywords

  • Lower Middle
  • Income Countries (LMICs)
  • Funding
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Innovation
  • Bibliometrics