Analysis of Civic Initiatives: Multiparameter Classification of Social Innovations
- 1 Ural Federal University, Russia
- 2 Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands
- 3 Institute Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Science, Russia
Copyright: © 2020 Evgeny Popov, Jol Stoffers, Zhoomart Omonov and Anna Veretennikova. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This paper focuses on the topical and problematic area of social innovations. The aim of this paper is to develop an original approach to the allocation of social innovations, taking into account characteristics such as the degree of state participation, the scope of application, the type of initiations as well as the degree of novelty, which will be elaborated on further in this article. In order to achieve this goal, the forty-two most successful social innovations were identified and systematized. The results of this study demonstrated that 73.5% of social innovations are privately funded, most of them operating on an international level with a high degree of novelty. Moreover, 81% of all social innovations are civic initiatives. Social innovations play an important role in the growth of both developed and less developed countries alike as highlighted in our extensive analysis.
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- Social Innovation
- Multi-Parameter Classification
- Public Sector
- Institutional Economics