Research Article Open Access

Evaluation of Aquifer Characteristics in Echi, Delta State, Nigeria Using Well Logging and Pumping Test Method

Ochuko Anomohanran1
  • 1 Delta State University, Nigeria
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 10 No. 10, 2013, 1263-1269

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2013.1263.1269

Submitted On: 5 August 2013 Published On: 6 September 2013

How to Cite: Anomohanran, O. (2013). Evaluation of Aquifer Characteristics in Echi, Delta State, Nigeria Using Well Logging and Pumping Test Method. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(10), 1263-1269. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2013.1263.1269

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the aquifer characteristics of groundwater at Echi, Delta State, Nigeria. This was carried out by conducting electrical resistivity and spontaneous potential loggings in a drilled well at the study location. Pumping test using a one kilowatt pumping machine was carried out in the well. The logs were interpreted while the record of the pumping test was analysed using the Jacob straight line method. The result showed that five lithologic formations which are lateritic sand, clay, fine sand, medium grain sand and coarse sand exist in the area and that groundwater exist in the third, fourth and fifth formations. The analysis of the log record showed that the water quality increased with respect to the depth of the well. The value of the conductivity of the aquifer obtained from the analysis of the log record was 5.8×10-3 mS/m while the transmissivity was obtained as 86.0 m2/day. The specific capacity of the aquifer was obtained as 0.258. These values obtained from the test well revealed that the aquifer contained good quality water suitable for drinking and other purposes.

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Keywords

  • Pumping Test
  • Transmissivity
  • Conductivity
  • Specific Capacity
  • Ground Water