Evaluation of Prophylactic and Therapeutic Effects of Silymarin on Diazepam-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Cats
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Copyright: © 2020 Bahman Mosallanejad, Reza Avizeh and Hossien Najafzadeh. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: Diazepam is commonly administered for seizure control and appetite stimulant in cats. Cats may develop acute fatal hepatic necrosis after receiving oral diazepam for several days. The aim of this study was to detect the protective action of silymarin on diazepam-induced hepatotoxicity in cats. Approach: About 25 healthy cats were randomly allotted to five equal groups. Animals in Group A were given diazepam (repeated dose 2.5 mg kg-1, p.o. q 12 h for 4 days); Group B consisted of cats that received silymarin (30 mg kg-1, p.o. q 12 h for 4 days) concurrent with diazepam administration; Group C were received silymarin like Group B, but 24 h after diazepam administration; Group D were received silymarin like Group C, but 48 h after diazepam administration; Group E were received silymarin like Group D, but 72 h after diazepam administration. The serum concentrations of Alanine Amino Transferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) and total and direct bilirubin were measured before diazepam administration and 24, 48, 72 and 96 h later as indices of liver injury. Results: Repeated oral administration of diazepam significantly elevated serum concentrations of ALT, AST, ALP, LDH and total and direct bilirubin in cats of Group A, after 48 h. In both the Groups (B and C) receiving silymarin, levels of serum enzyme activities and total and direct bilirubin remained within the normal values, but the Group D and E which received silymarin 48 h and 72h later, levels of serum enzyme activities and total and direct bilirubin were increased with comparison to before diazepam administration. Conclusion: It was concluded that silymarin can protect liver tissue against oxidative stress in cats with diazepam intoxication particular in the first 24 h after exposure.
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- Alanine Amino Transferase (ALT)
- Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT)