Research Article Open Access

Improvement of the Thermal, Photo and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Vinyl Chloride) in Presence of Poly (Glycidyl Methacrylate)

Abir S. Abdel-Naby1
  • 1 ,
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 7, 2011, 675-680

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.675.680

Submitted On: 3 April 2011 Published On: 24 June 2011

How to Cite: Abdel-Naby, A. S. (2011). Improvement of the Thermal, Photo and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Vinyl Chloride) in Presence of Poly (Glycidyl Methacrylate). American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(7), 675-680. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.675.680

Abstract

Problem statement: Poly (vinyl chloride) suffers from poor heat stability. The thermal degradation of the polymer leads to the evolution of hydrogen chloride gas, extensive discoloration of the polymer and lowering of physical and mechanical properties. Approach: Binary blends of Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Poly (Glycidyl Methacrylate) (PGMA) have been prepared by solution blending aimed at the improvement of thermal and mechanical properties. Results and Conclusion: Thermal properties of the blends were studied using Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetry (TGA) and potentiometric rate of dehydrochlorination. The increase of the PGMA content in the blend leads to thermal stability of the blend as shown from the thermogravimetry and the rate of dehydrochlorination results. All blends exhibited one major glass transition temperature (Tg) whose position on the temperature scale was lowered with increased level of PGMA. The miscibility of blends was also confirmed by the use of Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The improvement of the mechanical properties of various blends of the two polymers was also obtained.

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Keywords

  • Vinyl chloride
  • glycidyl methacrylate
  • Thermogravimetry (TGA)
  • Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
  • mechanical properties
  • thermal stability
  • hydrogen chloride gas
  • thermal degradation