Research Article Open Access

Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activities of Organotin (IV) Methylcyclohexyldithiocarbamate Compounds

Normah Awang1, Ibrahim Baba1, Bohari M. Yamin1, Mohd Sham Othman2 and Nurul Farahana Kamaludin2
  • 1 ,
  • 2 , Afganistan
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 4, 2011, 310-317

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.310.317

Submitted On: 13 January 2011 Published On: 18 April 2011

How to Cite: Awang, N., Baba, I., Yamin, B. M., Othman, M. S. & Kamaludin, N. F. (2011). Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activities of Organotin (IV) Methylcyclohexyldithiocarbamate Compounds. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(4), 310-317. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.310.317

Abstract

Problem statement: The growing interest in the chemistry of sulphur donor ligands are due to their encouraging anticancer, antibacterial and antifungal activities as well as their widespread industrial application. Dithiocarbamates belong to this class and much attention has been paid to them. Approach: Novel organotin compounds with the molecular formula RmSn[S2CN(CH3)(C6H11)]4-m (where m = 2, R = CH3, C2H5; m = 3, R = C6H5) have been synthesized using in situ method. These compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Results: Elemental analysis revealed that all compounds were of good purity. Infrared spectra of the compounds showed that the thioureide ν(C-N) band was in the region 1450-1500 cm−1. The unsplitting band of ν(C-S) in the region 974-979 cm−1 indicated the bidentate nature of the chelated dithiocarbamato legends. The 13C NMR chemical shift of the carbon atom in the N-CS2 group appeared in the range of 196.29-199.82 ppm. Single crystal analysis from one of these compounds showed that the chelating mode of the dithiocarbamate groups was isobidentate. These compounds have been screened for antibacterial activity against four bacteria; Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis. Only one of these compounds shows promising results against S. aureus and S. typhi. Cytotoxicity screening on human leukemic promyelocyte HL-60 cells found that two of these compounds were very active with CD50 values of 0.87 and 0.18 µg mL−1. Conclusion: The studied compounds were found to have the potential in biological activity especially in cytotoxicity where this possibly can be used for clinical trials after further research.

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Keywords

  • Salmonella typhimurium
  • infrared spectra
  • biological activities
  • staphylococcus aureus
  • antibacterial activity
  • synthesized compounds
  • disc diffusion
  • elemental analysis