Research Article Open Access

Controlling the Morphology of Nano-Hybrid Materials

Abdullah I. Al Jaafari1
  • 1 , Afganistan
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7 No. 2, 2010, 171-177

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2010.171.177

Submitted On: 1 January 2010 Published On: 28 February 2010

How to Cite: Al Jaafari, A. I. (2010). Controlling the Morphology of Nano-Hybrid Materials. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(2), 171-177. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2010.171.177

Abstract

Problem statement: It is known that layer double hydroxide is one of the nano ordered layered compounds and possesses plate-like morphology if carefully crystallized. Approach: In this study, Co-Sn LDH consisting of divalent and tetravalent cations was prepared with new morphology. XRD patterns of the prepared Co-Sn LDH showed that the interlayer spacing of the LDH was 0.78 nm and SEM image showed nano-needles structure. Results: By intercalation reaction with monocarboxylic acids at room temperature, XRD patterns indicated that the interlayered spacing increased to 3-4.8 nm and formed organic-inorganic nano-hybrid materials. Also, SEM images showed that the nano-needles structure of Co-Sn LDH changes to plate like-structure. Conclusion: Thermal analyses (TG, DTG and DTA) and Infrared spectrum confirmed the intercalation processes of n-capric acid and n-stearic acid inside Co-Sn LDH and the formation of nano-hybrid materials.

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Keywords

  • Layer double hydroxide
  • nano-hybrid materials
  • nano-layered materials
  • Co-Sn LDH