Soil Organic Carbon Stock under Different Age Ranges of Cashew Agroecosystems in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone of Cameroon
- 1 University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon
- 2 University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon
Copyright: © 2021 Awé Djongmo Victor, Noiha Noumi Valery and Zapfack Louis. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The aim of this study was to quantify the current soil organic carbon stock under different age ranges of cashew agroecosystems in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon in the context of greenhouse gas emissions and land degradation. It is so crucial for combating climate change and improving ecological restoration. Random field sampling was carried out on 0-10, 10-20 and 20-30 cm depths were collected in three age groups (0-10; 10-20; over 20 years old) of Cashew agroecosystems. Soil bulk density, Soil reaction (pH), moisture content, total nitrogen, C/N ratio, particle size distribution and soil organic carbon were determined using standard laboratory procedures and calculations. The results of the study did not reveal a significant difference in soil organic carbon stock across the different age groups of the cashew agroecosystems (P>0.05). The highest values of soil organic carbon stocks were observed in the 0-10 cm depth. Soils under plots with over 20 cashew agroecosystems in Bénoué subdivisions recorded higher SOCS values (36.30±2.92 tC/ha). Similarly, the SOCS decreased with soil depth in all three age groups of Cashew agroecosystems. The mean SOC concentrations (%) ranged from 0.20±0.02-0.41±0.10%. Soil organic carbon stock ranged from 16.45±0.73-37.04±2.32 tC/ha depending on depth between the three age ranges of Cashew agroecosystems studied in the four subdivisions. The Cashew agroecosystems soils with high C stock are those with sandy loamy texture (25.79±2.29 tC/ha). Results showed a positive and significant (P<0.05) correlation between soil organic C stock with bulk density, moisture content, C/N ratio, SOC; negative and significant (P<0.05) with Soil reaction (pH), Total Nitrogen, but negative and non-significant (P>0.05) with % Sand, % Silt, % Clay, % Silt + Clay. The results show the potential contribution of Cashew agroecosystems to improve soil organic carbon sequestration and environmental protection. This information will be necessary for developing appropriate technological and political solutions to increase agricultural sustainability and combat environmental degradation in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon.
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- Soil Organic Carbon Stocks