Physics International

THE PROPERTIES OF NUCLEAR MATTER

Khaled Hassaneen and Hesham Mansour

DOI : 10.3844/pisp.2013.37.59

Physics International

Volume 4, Issue 1

Pages 37-59

Abstract

The microscopic and bulk properties of nuclear matter at zero and finite temperatures are studied in the frame of the Brueckner theory. The results for the symmetry energy are also obtained using different potentials. The calculations are based on realistic nucleon-nucleon interactions which reproduce the nucleon-nucleon phase shifts. These microscopic approaches are supplemented by a density-dependent contact interaction to achieve the empirical saturation property of symmetric nuclear matter. Special attention is paid to behavior of the effective mass in asymmetric nuclear matter. The nuclear symmetry potential at fixed nuclear density is also calculated and its value decreases with increasing the nucleon energy. The hot properties of nuclear matter are also calculated using T2-approximation at low temperatures. Good agreement is obtained in comparison with previous works around the saturation point.

Copyright

© 2013 Khaled Hassaneen and Hesham Mansour. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.