OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Analysis of Urban Flora of the City of Almaty (Kazakhstan)

Gulbanu Aueskhanovna Sadyrova, Zarina Arkenzhanovna Inelova, Saule Melsovna Dzhamilova, Duman Kulakhmetovich Baizhygitov, Zura Yessimsitova and Marzhankul Myrzakhmetovna Dauletbaeva

DOI : 10.3844/ojbsci.2018.365.376

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Volume 18, Issue 3

Pages 365-376

Abstract

The article contains information about the composition of urban floras in Almaty. It was revealed, that urban flora of Almaty is represented by 396 species belonging to 204 genera and 73 families. The basis of the urban flora of the city of Almaty is angiosperms (92,0%), gymnosperms are represented in the flora in 31 species (7,8%) and 1 species represented by ferns (0,25%). The class Liliopsida (monocotyledonous) is represented by 4 families or 5,4%. Class Magnoliopsida (dicotyledonous) is represented by 67 families or 91.7%. In the gardening of Almaty city, there are 54 species (25,3%) of trees and shrubs of the local (natural) flora of Kazakhstan (9 coniferous and 45 hardwoods) from 33 genera and 19 families. In the gardening of Almaty city 159 species (74,6%) of woody and shrub introducents are used, that is, plants grown in the soil outside the range of their natural distribution. Of these, 22 are coniferous and 137 hardwoods of 61 genera and 34 families.

Copyright

© 2018 Gulbanu Aueskhanovna Sadyrova, Zarina Arkenzhanovna Inelova, Saule Melsovna Dzhamilova, Duman Kulakhmetovich Baizhygitov, Zura Yessimsitova and Marzhankul Myrzakhmetovna Dauletbaeva. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.