Research Article Open Access

Effect of In Vitro Nitrogen Nutrition to Phalaenopsis deliciosa Seedling Growth

Chieh Wean Choong1, Chin Hao Lim1, Zherui Xiong1 and Siew Mee Choong2
  • 1 INTI International University, Malaysia
  • 2 HELP University, Malaysia
OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 16 No. 1, 2016, 17-25


Submitted On: 12 May 2015 Published On: 16 December 2015

How to Cite: Choong, C. W., Lim, C. H., Xiong, Z. & Choong, S. M. (2016). Effect of In Vitro Nitrogen Nutrition to Phalaenopsis deliciosa Seedling Growth. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 16(1), 17-25.


In a continuous effort to conserve Phalaenopsis species, the optimization of a previously designed defined medium was carried out to understand the effect of in vitro nitrogen nutrition on Phalaenopsis deliciosa Rchb.f. In order not to alter the nutrient balance, macronutrient level instead of solely Nitrogen (N) was adjusted. Seedlings were obtained from in vitro germination and randomly inoculated on media with various macronutrient levels (0.3×, 0.5×, 1×, 2× and 3×). Maximum shoot yield was observed at 2× macronutrient level. However, the best macronutrient level, which was 1× macronutrient level, resulted in the maximum root and seedling yield. This macronutrient level was applied on the subsequent experiment where seedlings were inoculated on media with various nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) to ammonium-nitrogen (NH4-N) ratios. Seedling yield was the highest at NO3-N/NH4-N ratio of 2.0 while Root to Shoot ratio (R/S) was the highest at NO3-N/NH4-N ratio of 5.0. NO3-N/NH4-N ratio significantly affected Water Content (WC) of seedlings and the response to NO3-N/NH4-N ratio was similar to R/S, correlating better root development to higher WC. By altering NO3-N/NH4-N ratio, plant quality in terms of yield and organ development could be encouraged.

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  • Ammonium-Nitrate
  • In Vitro Nutrition
  • Macronutrient
  • Moth Orchid
  • Nitrogen
  • Phalaenopsis deliciosa