OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Scottish Youth: A Pilot Investigation

D. S. Buchan, J. D. Young, L. Kilgore, S. M. Cooper, R. M. Malina and J. S. Baker

DOI : 10.3844/ojbsci.2012.72.79

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Volume 12, Issue 2

Pages 72-79

Abstract

Problem statement: Approximately 70% of the total ethnic minority population of Scotland is of South Asian ancestry, although relatively little is known about their cardiovascular risk profile. Determining the risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry may inform the creation of interventions to reduce risk and improve the quality of life in this population. Approach: The purpose of this pilot investigation was to examine the Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry. A sample of 48 South Asian adolescents (26 females, 22 males, 16±2 years of age) resident in the city of Glasgow participated in this study. Stature, mass, waist circumference, physical activity, blood pressure, diet and 10 metabolic markers of CVD risk were recorded. Results: Boys had a significantly (p?0. 01) greater body mass, stature and were more physically active than girls. The boys also had significantly (p?0. 05) higher fasting levels of glucose, LDL and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and recorded lower levels of HDL than girls. High fat diets, low physical activity, elevated CRP, glucose and insulin levels and low HDL levels were the risk factors most often identified as being as non-desirable. About 88% of the cohort had between 2 and 6 CVD risk factors while 40% of boys and 20% of girls presented with 5 or more risk factors. Conclusion/Recommendations: Results suggest that preventive measures, including increased physical activity and dietary management may be warranted for the youth of South Asian ancestry."

Copyright

© 2012 D. S. Buchan, J. D. Young, L. Kilgore, S. M. Cooper, R. M. Malina and J. S. Baker. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.