OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Arthropods of Medical Importance in Brazil: Retrospective Epidemiological Information about Accidents Involving these Animals

Danon Clemes Cardoso and Maykon Passos Cristiano

DOI : 10.3844/ojbsci.2009.29.35

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 1

Pages 29-35

Abstract

Problem statement: The epidemiological information about arthropods bites/sting in Criciúma region no was reported. The aim of this Research was to draw the epidemiologic profile of accidents with arthropods in Criciúma region. Approach: The information regarding accidents with arthropods from 1994-2006 was prospectively collected from SINAN (System of Injury Notification Information) files of the 21a Municipal Health Secretary of Criciúma region. Was calculated the frequency for each variable studied and incidence coefficient for period of study. Results: Results were recorded 1821 notifications of accidents with arthropods in region studied. The numbers of occurrence increased along of the years studied. The arthropod that most result in accidents was the spider with 1,126 (75.9%) cases followed by Honeybees and others Arthropods with 149 (10.0%) cases, Caterpillars including Lonomia genus and others genera (54/3.7%) and scorpions with the least number of accidents with 6 (0.4%) cases. The incidence of accidents every thousand inhabitants had a significant increase starting in the year of 2000. The majority of accidents occurred in the warmest months, increasing in the spring and summer seasons. Was recorded more than twice of accidents with arthropods in Urban area than in rural areas. The Chi-square test revealed that the frequency of accidents between locations and type of arthropods is different. Likewise, the number the victims and activity type in moment of the bite/sting had been a differ behavior between arthropods type. However, the number of accidents involving victims of male and female gender is equal. Conclusion: Epidemiological studies of this type in the extreme south of Santa Catarina are scarce. Only few studies have reported the patterns of occurrence and incidence of accidents with poisonous animals. These and other studies are of great importance for implementation of measures mitigation programs and education for people, especially for those living in rural areas.

Copyright

© 2009 Danon Clemes Cardoso and Maykon Passos Cristiano. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.