Development of New Didactic Materials for Teaching Science and Biology: The Importance of the New Education Practices
Danon Clemes Cardoso, Maykon Passos Cristiano and Camila Orlandi Arent
DOI : 10.3844/ojbsci.2009.1.5
OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 9, Issue 1
Problem statement: The creativity of teachers in the planning process of their classes for teaching science and biology may be an instigator to promote and stimulate learning. The science should be something that awakens curiosity in students to make learning pleasurable and increase their interest. The aim this research was to develop didactic materials for to help the teaching-learning process in the content of science and biology. Especially, those content about systematic that can not be very exciting and bring some difficulty for the involvement of students. Approach: Inspired in the Atlantic forest, which extends along the Brazilian coast and offers a diverse ecosystem, were created some materials that enable the interaction of teacher with students, which were: "memory of the Atlantic forest", "unmasking the Atlantic forest" and a "set of transparencies". The first is composed of 25 cards each containing an image of a species of fauna or flora of the Atlantic forest, popular and scientific name. Complete the material, 25 letters with specific characteristics of each species. The second is a panel with the illustration of the incompleteness of the Atlantic forest ecosystem, featuring 10 pictures of animals that are hidden between the two sides of the panel and asked for 10 letters, which were answered to complete the ecosystem. The third is a set of transparencies containing information on the Atlantic, maps and data on the fauna and flora. The latter should be used to perform a preliminary discussion on the biodiversity of the Atlantic. Results: Results showed that these materials facilitate learning, as well as linking images of known species with their respective characteristics, makes the class interesting by providing the effective interaction of the group. Conclusion/Recommendation: These materials were used and well accepted by students of the course of biological science in the classes of micro-teaching and for students from elementary school.
© 2009 Danon Clemes Cardoso, Maykon Passos Cristiano and Camila Orlandi Arent. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.