Total Static Balancing and Kinetostatics of the 3R Base Cinematic Chain
Relly Victoria Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
Journal of Mechatronics and Robotics
It has been presented in other works and studied matrix spatially, or more simply in a plan, but in this case, it is necessary to move from the working plane to the real space, or vice versa, passage that we will present in this study. In the basic plan module already presented in other geometric and cinematic works, we want to highlight some dynamic features such as static balancing, total balancing and determination of the strength of the module after balancing. The forces that appear in the unbalanced base module were also presented in other papers, so we want to fill in only the aspects of the already balanced module forces in this study. The mechanism in Fig. 1 (planar cinematic chain) must be balanced to have a normal operation. Through a total static balancing, balancing the gravitational forces and moments generated by the forces of gravity is achieved, balancing the forces of inertia and the moments (couples) generated by the presence of inertial forces (not to be confused with the inertial moments of the mechanism, which appear separately from the other forces, being part of the inertial torsion of a mechanism and depending on both the inertial masses of the mechanism and its angular accelerations. Balancing the mechanism can be done through various methods. Partial balancing is achieved almost in all cases where the actuators (electric drive motors) are fitted with a mechanical reduction, a mechanical transmission, a sprocket, spiral gear, spool screw type. Such a reducer called the unisens (the movement allowed by it is a two-way rotation, but the transmission of the force and the motor moment can only be done in one direction, from the spindle to the worm gear, vice versa from the worm gear to the screw the force cannot be transmitted and the movement is not possible by blocking the mechanism, which makes it apt to transmit the movement from the wheel of a vehicle to its wheels in the steering mechanism, not allowing the wheel forces due to the unevenness of the ground, to be transmitted to the steering wheel and implicitly to the driver, or this mechanism is suitable for mechanical meters so that they do not twist and vice versa etc.) can balance the transmission by letting the forces and motor moments unfold, but not allowing the kinematic elements to influence the movement through their forces of weight and inertia. This results in a "forced" drive balancing from the transmission, which makes the operation of the assembly to be correct but rigid and with mechanical shocks. Such balancing is not possible when the actuators directly actuate the elements of the kinematic chain without using mechanical reducers.
© 2018 Relly Victoria Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.