Cyclic Instability of Shape-Memory Alloys in Seismic Isolation Systems
Filipe Amarante dos Santos, Corneliu Cismasiu and Francisco Braz Fernandes
International Journal of Structural Glass and Advanced Materials Research
Shape-memory alloys are being progressively introduced as kernel components in seismic retrofitting devices for civil engineering structures. In order to control the instability associated with the first mechanical cycles, a training procedure is usually implemented, which stabilizes the superelastic behavior of the alloy. This paper addresses the characterization of the cyclic behavior of an austenitic NiTi alloy with emphasis on the definition of the instability functions associated with the cumulative residual strain and the variation of the critical stress needed to induce martensite. A wide set of experimental tensile tests are performed to study the influence of strain-rate and ambient temperature on the material coefficients controlling the described functions. A numerical model for shape-memory alloys is presented, which is able to simulate the instability phenomena associated with superelastic cycling in NiTi wires. It is shown that prior stabilization by initial training may not be advantageous, since it is during the first cycles that the alloy shows greater energy dissipation capabilities.
© 2018 Filipe Amarante dos Santos, Corneliu Cismasiu and Francisco Braz Fernandes. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.