OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Response of Different Agrobacterium Rhizogenes Strains for in vitro Hairy Root Induction and Accumulation of Rosmarinic Acid Production in Agastache Rugosa

Woo Tae Park, Thanislas Bastin Baskar, Sun Kyung Yeo, Nam Il Park, Jong Seok Park and Sangun Park

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences

Abstract

In this study a total of seven different Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains were evaluated for their ability to transform the plant Agastache rugosa and to produce the secondary metabolite rosmarinic acid. All the strains of A. rhizogenes i.e., 13333, 15834, A4, LBA9402, R1000, R1200 and R1601 strains tested here in this study, were able to induce hairy root formation in leaf tissue explants. The strain A4had the highest rate of infection (94.1±8.3%) and the strain R1000 had the lowest rate (88.6±6.9%). The highest frequency of hairy roots per explant (13.6±1.4) was found for strain R1601 and the tallest root length (20.4±1.7 mm) was found for strain 13333. We also evaluated dry weight and level of rosmarinic acid in the hairy roots and found that the highest growth (310.1±14.6 mg/flask) was occurred after infection with strain R1200, while the highest production of rosmarinic acid (68.2±3.8 mg/g dry weight) was noted using strain 13333. Our study showed that A. rhizogenes strain 13333 was the most effective of the 7 tested strains for production of transformed root cultures as well as rosmarinic acid in the hairy roots.

Copyright

© 2017 Woo Tae Park, Thanislas Bastin Baskar, Sun Kyung Yeo, Nam Il Park, Jong Seok Park and Sangun Park. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.