A New Approach to Model Concentrating PV Cells Under Non-Uniform Illumination
Hang Zhou, Yuehong Su, Gang Pei, Yunyun Wang and Tiezhou WU
Energy Research Journal
Concentrating PV (CPV) cells are often designed optimally depending on solar concentrator characteristics and operating conditions to ensure the best system performance. Before reaching a PV cell, solar radiation may experience some optical losses caused by the different physical phenomena occurring in a solar concentrator. A particular issue with the CPV technology is the non-uniformity of the concentrated radiation, which will cause power dissipation and reduce the overall efficiency of the PV cell. Considering this issue and understanding of its effect is significant in PV cell design and optimization. This paper presents a new approach for modeling PV cell under non-uniform illumination condition, in which a PV cell is represent by an equivalent array of cell splits. The main advantage of this approach is the possibility to express each cell split voltage as an explicit function of the current by using the Lambert-W function. The output characteristics are simulated and analyzed using proposed simulation approach built in MATLAB/Simulink platform. Through the analysis of the results, a comprehensive expression of the PV cell under non-uniform illumination could be present.
© 2017 Hang Zhou, Yuehong Su, Gang Pei, Yunyun Wang and Tiezhou WU . This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.