Freeze Drying of Grape Raw Materials in Red Winemaking
Gennadiy Vyacheslavovich Semenov, Gennadiy Ivanovich Kasyanov, Ivan Ivanovich Petkov and Irina Stanislavovna Krasnova
OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
The aim of this research was the development of technology, which is based on the winemaking from freeze dried grape raw materials. Results of research on the drying of Cabernet Sauvignon grapes were shown. The regimes of preparation of grape raw materials and its subsequent freeze-drying are offered, providing the possibility of successful use in the dried state in the technologies of winemaking. The main feature is the use as a raw material of whole grape berries with skin. The physicochemical analyses, the content of phenolic compounds and sensorial analyses of wine produced by traditional technology, and wine produced from freeze-dried grape raw materials were done. Their comparative evaluation was carried out. It is shown that freeze drying provides a high level of preservation of properties both in raw materials and in the red wine. The sensorial analyses showed that the wine produced by the proposed technology had a more intensive colour and had a slightly more pronounced taste of sweetness and acidity compared to traditional wine. The advantage of this technology is the ability to transport the freeze-dried grape raw materials to any point close to the consumer and to make wine there.
© 2017 Gennadiy Vyacheslavovich Semenov, Gennadiy Ivanovich Kasyanov, Ivan Ivanovich Petkov and Irina Stanislavovna Krasnova. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.