Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism
Phra Maha Pathawisak Romphothanthong, Wisanee Siltragool and Anchalee Chantapo
DOI : 10.3844/jssp.2012.50.53
Journal of Social Sciences
Volume 8, 2012
Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve the quality and efficiency of Pra Na Wa Ka because currently most of the monks who are the teachers lacked knowledge and are not ready to act as the Pra Na Wa Ka teacher, because lack of the teaching media, lack of the proper knowledge of the teacher vocational, the lesson plan arrangement, the psychology of teaching, lack of technique variety of teaching methods. Most of the temple had no education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka who ordained in short-term, within 3 days 7 days 15 days or to one month, lack of the short period course to study about Buddhism, the Pra Na Wa Ka cannot accurately recite the Pali words, the Pra Na Wa Ka who were ordained were not motivated and faithful in learning and low morality. Approach: This research intended to study the history of the education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka (Newly ordained monk) and to study about the problems and need of the Pra Na Wa Ka in knowledge about Buddhism and to develop the curriculum and the training package of the Pra Na Wa Ka in Buddhism. Results: The Pra Na Wa Ka traing course is a curriculum to study Buddhism through 3 training courses; (1) Basic Course: 3 days for initiation 7 days, (2) Intermediate course 7 days for initiation 15 days and (3) Long period course 15 days for initiation more than 30 days. The training courses were accompanied by a training kit to understand the main precepts of morality, concentration and wisdom. The curriculum was successful in providing Pra Na Wa Ka with knowledge and learning tools in order to understand the teachings from senior monks and Buddhist teachers. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the developed training course and success of the examination results of the Pra Na Wa Ka will ensure that Buddhism will continue to be propagated to society in its purest form and will benefit the community and society as a whole, bringing peace and prosperity.
© 2012 Phra Maha Pathawisak Romphothanthong, Wisanee Siltragool and Anchalee Chantapo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.