Effects of Learning Environmental Education on Science Process Skills and Critical Thinking of Mathayomsuksa 3 Students with Different Learning Achievements
Phramaha Charoen Buntod, Paitun Suksringam and Adisak Singseevo
DOI : 10.3844/jssp.2010.60.63
Journal of Social Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 1
Problem statement: The object of this research aimed to investigate and compare effects of learning environmental education by wises of two approaches: The 5 E-Learning cycle with met cognitive techniques and the teacher’s handbooks, on learning achievement, basic science process skills and critical thinking of 75 Mathayomsuksa 3 (grade 9) students with different learning achievements. Approach: They were assigned to an experimental group with 38 students who learned using the 5 E-Learning cycle with met cognitive techniques and a control group with 37 students who learned using the teacherâs handbook approach. Instruments used in the study included (1) 6 plans of learning organization using the 5 E-Learning cycle with 3 met cognitive techniques: Intelligibility, plausibility and wide applicability, 6 plans of learning organization using the teacherâs handbook, approach; each plan for 3 h of learning in each week; (2) the learning achievement test with 40 item; (3) the test on basic science process skills with 8 subclass and 40 items and (4) the critical thinking test with 5 subclass and 54 items. The data were analyzed by the uses of a percentage, mean, a standard deviation, the paired t-test and the f-test (two-way MANCOVA). Results: The whole students, The high achievers and the low achievers in the experimental group showed gains in learning achievement, basic science process skills in general and in 3-6 subclass and critical thinking in general and in 4-5 subclass from before learning at the 0.05 level of significance. The experimental group indicated more learning achievement, basic science process skills in general and in 2 subclass: Process skills in general and in 2 subclass: Measuring and predicting and critical thinking in general and in 1 subclass: Interpretation, than the control group at the 0.05 level of significance. The high achievers shoed only higher basic science process skill in general and in 3 subclass: Using space-time relationship, classifying and predicting, more than the low achieves at the 0.05 level of significance. The statistical interactions of learning achievement with learning model on learning achievement and critical thinking were not found to be significant. Whereas, the interaction of these two variables on basic science process skills in general and in 3 subclass: Measuring, classifying and predicting were found to be significant at the 0.05 level. Concussion/Recommendations: The 5 E-Leaning cycle with met cognitive techniques could develop efficiently learning achievement, basic science process skills and critical thinking of the students. The teachers, therefore, should be encourage and supported to implement this approach in teaching and learning environmental education in all grade levels.
© 2010 Phramaha Charoen Buntod, Paitun Suksringam and Adisak Singseevo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.