Journal of Social Sciences

Study of Educational Adjustment and Educational Motivation in Military and Non-Military Students

Khodabakhsh Ahmadi and Ali Fathi-Ashtiani

DOI : 10.3844/jssp.2008.128.135

Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 4, Issue 2

Pages 128-135

Abstract

Students abilities to transfer from the community colleges into baccalaureate granting colleges and universities have become a global issue. The rise in students’ college attendance has brought about new challenges in the area of academic motivation depriving them from educational pursuit despite proper qualifications. This comparative-descriptive study has been designed in order to compare between military and non-military students in terms of educational adjustment and motivation power and their related subscales. Subjects were selected from four colleges in Tehran.100 students from each college were selected through random sampling, subsequently the total sample were 400 college students. Half of whom were military college students and the other half was non-military college students. In order to collect data the Bell’s adjustment questionnaire and the questionnaire of educational motivation were used. Comparison between military and non-military students in terms of various aspects of adjustment showed that there is a meaningful difference between military and nonmilitary students in terms of familial adjustment, hygienic adjustment and total adjustment (p≤0.01). Comparison between military and non-military students in terms of educational motivation power showed that there is meaningful difference in the level of p≤0.01 and was higher in military college students. Unlike non-military students, military students will definitely be working in areas relevant to their field of study. On one hand the motive to serve their country is stronger and that is why military students’ academic motive in meaningfully stronger than non-military students, maybe we need to increase motivation in non-military students with providing them job relevant to their field of study. The women Army population is not too high in IRAN so the problem related to this issue is not very serious at the moment. In order to prevent the upcoming problems in this issue we need a thorough studies in this field.

Copyright

© 2008 Khodabakhsh Ahmadi and Ali Fathi-Ashtiani. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.