Journal of Mathematics and Statistics

Greatest Common Divisor and Least Common Multiple Matrices on Factor Closed Sets in a Principal Ideal Domain

A. N. El-Kassar, S. S. Habre and Y. A. Awad

DOI : 10.3844/jmssp.2009.342.347

Journal of Mathematics and Statistics

Volume 5, Issue 4

Pages 342-347

Abstract

Problem statement: Let T be a set of n distinct positive integers, x1, x2, ..., xn. The n×n matrix [T] having (xi, xj), the greatest common divisor of xi and xj, as its (i,j)-entry is called the greatest common divisor (GCD) matrix on T. The matrix [[T]] whose (i,j)-entry is [xi, xj], the least common multiple of xi and xj, is called the least common multiple (LCM) matrix on T. Many aspects of arithmetics in the domain of natural integers can be carried out to Principal Ideal Domains (PID). In this study, we extend many recent results concerning GCD and LCM matrices defined on Factor Closed (FC) sets to an arbitrary PID such as the domain of Gaussian integers and the ring of polynomials over a finite field. Approach: In order to extend the various results, we modified the underlying computational procedures and number theoretic functions to the arbitrary PIDs. Properties of the modified functions and procedures were given in the new settings. Results: Modifications were used to extend the major results concerning GCD and LCM matrices defined on FC sets in PIDs. Examples in the domains of Gaussian integers and the ring of polynomials over a finite field were given to illustrate the new results. Conclusion: The extension of the GCD and LCM matrices to PIDs provided a lager class for such matrices. Many of the open problems can be investigated in the new settings.

Copyright

© 2009 A. N. El-Kassar, S. S. Habre and Y. A. Awad. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.