Journal of Mechatronics and Robotics

Analysis and Synthesis of Mechanisms with Bars and Gears Used in Robots and Manipulators

Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Antonio Apicella, MirMilad Mirsayar, Samuel Kozaitis, Taher Abu-Lebdeh and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu

DOI : 10.3844/jmrsp.2017.98.108

Journal of Mechatronics and Robotics

Volume 1, 2017

Pages 98-108

Abstract

Bars and gears are used everywhere today, but a wide range of uses is robotics and mechatronics. Since ancient times, automations and mechanization have been used with mechanisms consisting of chains of bars and gears. These were obviously used for the purpose of transmitting the movement and its transformation, that is to say, as a mechanical transmission. Gear and bar automation are used today as modern mechanical transmissions, serial and parallel robots, machine building industry and all industrial areas where automation has penetrated. In fact, robotic gears and gears are the basis for mechanical transmissions to robots and at the same time have other roles such as balancing, support, etc. The most commonly used gears are tapered, conical gears, because they work faster, more dynamically, occupy less space, have fewer toothed gear teeth, low volume, light movement different directions and a multitude of features that make them irreplaceable within mobile mechanical systems. The gears and gears are increasingly used in the construction of manipulators and industrial robots, especially in the MOr. In the kinematic openings of Positioning Mechanisms (MPz) of the robots, also referred to as trajectory generators, a first kinematic chain with bars is attached, to which is attached a kinematic chain with cylindrical, conical and hypoid gears. The mechanical chains that can be made of conical mechanical transmissions and bars are complex, extremely complex and can work on different spaces and axes, with inclines and directional changes as desired. From this point of view, they can’t be replaced by other types of mechanical mechanisms or transmissions. A complex kinematic scheme with bevel gears and conical gears of a manipulator-robot with 6 + 1 mobilities is analyzed, where the positioning mechanism (RRR) is not distinguishable from the RRR orientation mechanism. The two kinematic chains of MPz (RzRxxRx) and MOr (RzRxRxRz) are staged (in extension). At the end (O6 point) of the articulated chain O0O1O2O3O4O5 the gripping mechanism (MAp), made with two articulated parallelograms, is attached. All 6 + 1 kinematic chains are operated by means of worm gear reducers with electric motors located at the base. The kinematic chain with bars is simplified to the left of Fig. 1 and to the right is an axial projection of the complete kinematic scheme of the gear with gears and gears. The articulated bars (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) with six movable elements are the main kinematic chain to which are attached six kinematic chains with conical gears.

Copyright

© 2017 Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Antonio Apicella, MirMilad Mirsayar, Samuel Kozaitis, Taher Abu-Lebdeh and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.