Journal of Computer Science

ACCURATE AND FAST PUPIL LOCALIZATION USING CONTRAST STRETCHING, SEED FILLING AND CIRCULAR GEOMETRICAL CONSTRAINTS

Iman A. Saad, Loay E. George and Ahmad A. Tayyar

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2014.305.315

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 10, Issue 2

Pages 305-315

Abstract

Iris segmentation is the most contested issue in the iris recognition system, since noise and poor image quality can significantly affect accuracy of iris localization stage. Therefore, very careful attention has to be paid for the segmentation process if only an accurate result is expected. This study presents a new method for precise pupil detection capable of handling the unconstrained bad acquisition conditions especially those related to low contrast or to the non-uniform brightness caused by the position of light sources, specular reflection, eyelashes and eyelids. Contrast stretching (normalization) technique is used for handling the variations in contrast and illumination in an iris image by stretching’ the range of intensity values. Next, the local integration is applied on the enhanced image, this process will enhance the contrast level between the existing white and black areas of the image; this will useful to compute the optimal threshold value required to perform a successful image binarization for the purpose of isolation of the pupil region, the seed fill algorithm is used as region growing method to segment the binary image and allocate the pupil as a circular black segment with biggest area, the approximate pupil center is detected then for removing the specular reflection, the pupil is filled with black color using a simple filling method. Finally a circle fitting algorithm is used for precisely allocating the circular pupil region by the fact that richer iris textures are not closer to the pupil boundary. A set of tests was conducted on 2,655 iris images which were downloaded from CASIA V3.0-interval standard dataset; the test results indicated that the proposed method had subjectively 100% accuracy rate with pupil localization, process satisfy the real time constraints even when dealing with images have very different brightness or contrast conditions or they contain eyelashes artifacts.

Copyright

© 2014 Iman A. Saad, Loay E. George and Ahmad A. Tayyar. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.