Journal of Computer Science

ARABIC PART OF SPEECH TAGGING USING K-NEAREST NEIGHBOUR AND NAIVE BAYES CLASSIFIERS COMBINATION

Rund Mahafdah, Nazlia Omar and Omaia Al-Omari

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2014.1865.1873

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 10, Issue 9

Pages 1865-1873

Abstract

Part Of Speech (POS) tagging forms the important preprocessing step in many of the natural language processing applications such as text summarization, question answering and information retrieval system. It is the process of classifying every word in a given context to its appropriate part of speech. Different POS tagging techniques in the literature have been developed and experimented. Currently, it is well known that some POS tagging models are not performing well on the Quranic Arabic due to the complexity of the Quranic Arabic text. This complexity presents several challenges for POS tagging such as high ambiguity, data sparseness and large existence of unknown words. With this in mind, the main problem here is to find out how existing and efficient methods perform in Arabic and how can Quranic corpus be utilized to produce an efficient framework for Arabic POS tagging. We propose a classifiers combination experimental framework for Arabic POS tagger, by selecting two best diverse probabilistic classifiers used in numerous works in non-Arabic language; namely K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN) and Naive Bayes (NB). The Majority voting is used here as the combination strategy to exploit classifiers advantages. In addition, an in-depth study has been conducted on a large list of features for exploiting effective features and investigating their role in enhancing the performance of POS taggers for the Quranic Arabic. Hence, this study aims to efficiently integrate different feature sets and tagging algorithms to synthesize more accurate POS tagging procedure. The data used in this study is the Arabic Quranic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource consisting of 77,430 words with Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. The highest accuracy in the results achieved is 98.32%, which can be a significant enhancement for the state-of-the-art for Arabic Quranic text. The most effective features that yield this accuracy are a combination of w0 (the current word), p0 (POS of the current word), p-3 (POS of three words before), p-2 (POS of two words before) and p-1 (POS of the word before).

Copyright

© 2014 Rund Mahafdah, Nazlia Omar and Omaia Al-Omari. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.