A TIME SYNCHRONIZED HYBRID VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORK OF ROADSIDE SENSORS AND VEHICLES FOR SAFE DRIVING
Dahlia Sam and V. Cyril Raj
DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2014.1617.1627
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 10, Issue 9
VANET is a type of ad hoc network in which the moving vehicles act as nodes. There has been lot of research for using VANETs in many applications. One of the main applications is the use of VANETs to improve driving safety. In any safety related applications, the vehicular nodes have to constantly communicate with each other and the roadside equipments. For e.g., the roadside units sense real time information about road conditions, road blocks or animals straying on the road and passes the message to the approaching vehicles. The alert message enables the driver to take timely decisions in preventing accidents or delay. However there are two issues in the above system. One problem is that VANETs are subject to frequent network disconnections especially in low traffic areas. Due to this some events in the road may go undetected while the detected events may not be transmitted on time. The second issue it with maintaining a synchronized clock within the network. Only then the messages communicated between the nodes will be meaningful. To overcome the above issues and make the system more reliable we propose to include roadside wireless sensor nodes along with the vehicular nodes in the network. The roadside wireless sensor nodes can be deployed at fixed distances and communicate wirelessly with the vehicular nodes. They play an important role in keeping the network connected and guarantee message transmission. We also propose a Hybrid Clock Synchronization (HCS) algorithm to synchronize the clocks of all the nodes. This integrated network which is also time synchronized is called the Hybrid VANET (H-VANET). The proposed H-VANET was simulated and tested using GrooveNet. On comparing our system with the conventional VANET implementing RBS for synchronization, it was seen that our model has better performance and reliability.
© 2014 Dahlia Sam and V. Cyril Raj. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.