Journal of Computer Science

TRAFFIC CONTROLLED-DEDICATED SHORT RANGE COMMUNICATION: A SECURE COMMUNICATION USING TRAFFIC CONTROLLED DEDICATED SHORT RANGE COMMUNICATION MODEL IN VEHICULAR AD HOC NETWORKS FOR SAFETY RELATED SERVICES

K. Chandramohan and P. Kamalakkannan

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2014.1315.1323

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 10, Issue 7

Pages 1315-1323

Abstract

To increase the road safety and secure communication among the vehicles in the network environment, Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) is followed. Nowadays, research over DSRC is dramatically increased for enhancing the road safety applications. The main task of DSRC is to protect the vehicles by communicating the warning message regarding the vehicle changing conditions, traffic occurrence and dangers over the road in the network. So, it is necessary to maintain the accurate communication timely with high reliability by implementing the appropriate protocol. In the literature there are several methods which provided specifications defined in the physical layer and the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer. In those methods, current IEEE 802.11p MAC is not able to provide predictable Quality of Service (QoS) for high-priority safety services. Motivated by the fact that the existing work provided three levels of safety-related broadcast services, but did not focus on current traffic load conditions, in this study, we plan to present Traffic Controlled DSRC (TC-DSRC) model to analyze and categorize the traffic patterns in the vehicular communication for safety related application. A new algorithm is presented to evaluate the process of traffic controlled DSRC model for secure communication in VANET. The dedicated short range communication broadcast of messages is sent to all the vehicles at a specific instance for defined radius on the traffic zone. Multiple traffic load conditions are categorically stated to handle the vehicular safety with quick response time. Integrating these two performance metrics (i.e., quick response time and security), by using the proposed algorithm, the traffic patterns are categorized for communication between vehicles to provide the safety measure. In addition, our proposed scheme with the categorization using traffic patterns improves the network performance by deriving a specific pattern. Compared with the recent standard of 802.11p wireless vehicular networks the scheme proposed in this study is more robust and operate under vehicle-to-vehicle mode in order to address the secure communication between the vehicles. The effectiveness of secure communication in vehicular ad hoc network with varied vehicular speed and changing network topology is evaluated numerically using realistic simulation data obtained from traffic engineering systems.

Copyright

© 2014 K. Chandramohan and P. Kamalakkannan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.