An Optimized Device Sizing of Analog Circuits using Particle Swarm Optimization
P. Prem Kumar and K. Duraiswamy
DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2012.930.935
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8, Issue 6
Problem statement: Day by day more and more products rely on analog circuits to improve the speed and reduce the power consumption(Products rely on analog circuits to improve the speed and reduce the power consumption day by day more and more.). For the VLSI implementation analog circuit design plays an important role. This analog circuit synthesis might be the most challenging and time-consumed task, because it does not only consist of topology and layout synthesis but also of component sizing. Approach: A Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique for the optimal design of analog circuits. Analog signal processing finds many applications and widely uses OpAmp based amplifiers, mixers, comparators. and filters. Results: A two-stage opamp (Miller Operational Trans-conductance Amplifier (OTA)) is considered for the synthesis that satisfies certain design specifications. Performance has been evaluated with the Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (SPICE) circuit simulator until optimal sizes of the transistors are found. Conclusion: The output of the simulation for the two-stage opamp shows that the PSO technique is an accurate and promising approach in determining the device sizes in an analog circuit.
© 2012 P. Prem Kumar and K. Duraiswamy. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.