Cluster Based Time Division Multiple Access Scheduling Scheme for Zigbee Wireless Sensor Networks
B. Meenakshi and P. Anandhakumar
DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2012.1979.1986
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8, Issue 12
In IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee Wireless Sensor Networks, an efficient scheduling mechanism is required for reliable data transmission. Further, concurrent transmission of huge data through CSMA/CA incurs more packet collision rate. This complicated condition has to be eliminated to improve the system throughput. In this study, we propose to deploy cluster based TDMA scheduling mechanism for IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee Wireless Sensor Networks. This TDMA slot allocation strategy allocates slots to the nodes based on queue occupancy information. It assigns TDMA slots starting from nodes with high queue occupancy value. Nodes that have high queue occupancy value will probably get long TDMA slot period. We prove the proficiency of our mechanism using Network Simulator 2 (NS-2). Our approach fairly allocates slots to the nodes and considerably reduces packet collision rate.
© 2012 B. Meenakshi and P. Anandhakumar. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.