E2AODV Protocol for Load Balancing in Ad-Hoc Networks
R. Vinod Kumar and R. S.D. Wahida Banu
DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2012.1198.1204
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8, Issue 7
Problem statement: In mobile ad hoc networks there are a number of challenges in providing quality of service routing with energy efficiency and load balancing. Most routing protocols do not consider the problem of load balance. A routing protocol called energy Efficient Ad-hoc on Demand Vector (E2AODV) is proposed. It addresses the quality of service issues such as throughput, end to end delay, load distribution and energy. Approach: This study presents a scheme to balance the load with energy efficiency considering both congestion and the nodes energy usage. A threshold value was used to judge if intermediate node was overloaded, variable and changing along with nodes interface queue length around the backward path. Results: The routing protocol called energy Efficient Ad hoc on Demand Vector (E2AODV) that is intended to provide a reliable transmission with low energy consumption was compared with Ad-hoc on Demand Vector (AODV) in terms of the packet delivery ratio, average end to end delay, load distribution and node energy consumption. Conclusion/Recommendation: E2AODV protocol chooses an optimum path with low energy usage. It provides a better scheme to balance the load with energy efficiency and packet delivery ratio. It can be further enhanced as a secure routing protocol for mobile ad-hoc networks.
© 2012 R. Vinod Kumar and R. S.D. Wahida Banu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.