Journal of Computer Science

An Effective History-based Background Extraction System

Seyed Hashem Davarpanah, Fatimah Khalid and Maryam Golchin

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2012.1062.1069

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 8, Issue 7

Pages 1062-1069

Abstract

Problem statement: In many visions-based surveillance systems, the first step is accomplished by detecting moving objects resulted from subtraction of the current captured frame from the extracted background. So, the results of these systems mainly depend on the accuracy of the background image. Approach: In this study, a proposed background extraction system is presented to model the background using a simple method, to initialize the model, to extract the moving objects and to construct the final background. Our model saves the history of each pixel separately. It uses the saved information to extract the background using a probability-based method. It updates the history of the pixel consequently and according to the value of that pixel in the current captured image. Results: Results of the experiments certify that not only the quality of the final extracted background is the best between four recently re-implemented methods, but also the time consumption of the extraction is acceptable. Conclusion: Since History-based methods use temporal information extracted from the several previous frames, they are less sensitive to noise and sudden changes for extracting the background image.

Copyright

© 2012 Seyed Hashem Davarpanah, Fatimah Khalid and Maryam Golchin. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.