Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation for Multiple Traffic Classes in IEEE 802.16e WiMax Networks: A Petrinet Approach
S. Geetha and R. Jayaparvathy
DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2011.1717.1723
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 7, Issue 11
Problem statement: WiMAX supports multiple types of traffic such as data, voice and video. Each flow requires a certain minimum bandwidth to achieve its QoS. Bandwidth allocation to traffic classes should be in such a way that fairness criteria is met with. Hence, we propose a dynamic bandwidth allocation mechanism to achieve fair and efficient allocation. Approach: We present a Generalized Stochastic Petri Net (GSPN) approach to model bandwidth allocation in Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) networks with multiple traffic classes. A dynamic weight assignment mechanism is proposed to enable fair bandwidth allocation among the competing traffic classes. Performance of the weight assignment mechanism is analytically evaluated using the GSPN model developed. Results: Results show performance improvement in terms of mean delay and normalized throughput of traffic classes compared to existing mechanisms. Simulation is carried out for different traffic rates. Analytical results are validated using simulations. Conclusion: Performance of the proposed system is evaluated in terms of mean delay and normalized system throughput. The model developed is generic and can be extended to any wireless network with multiple traffic classes.
© 2011 S. Geetha and R. Jayaparvathy. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.