Journal of Computer Science

Differential Diagnosis Knowledge Building by Using CUC-C4.5 Framework

Kusrini, Sri Hartati, Retantyo Wardoyo and Agus Harjoko

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2010.180.185

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 6, Issue 2

Pages 180-185

Abstract

Problem statement: The Case Based Reasoning (CBR) method can be implemented in differential diagnosis analysis. C4.5 algorithm has been commonly used to help the method's knowledge building process. This process is completed by constructing decision tree from previously handled cases data. The C4.5 algorithm itself can be used with an assumption that all the cases has an exact and equal truth value thus have an exact contribution in decision tree building process. However, the decision makers sometimes not sure about the truth of the cases in the cases database, therefore the confidence value can be different for case by case. Besides that, the C4.5 algorithm can only handle cases that are stored in a flat table with data in form of categorized text or in discrete class. This algorithm has not yet explained about how is decision tree building mechanism in situation when the data are stored in relational tables. It also has not yet explained about the process of knowledge building when the data are in the form of number in continuous class. Meanwhile, the observed objects in this research, that is medical record data, are mostly stored in a complex relational database and have common form of categorized text, discrete number, continuous number and image. Therefore, the C4.5 is needed to be improved so it can handle decision building for cases database of medical record. Approach: We develop a knowledge building framework that can handle confidence level difference of cases in cases database. The framework we build also allows the data are stored in relational database. Moreover, our framework can process data in the form of categorized text, discrete number, continuous number and image. This framework is named CUC-C4.5, abbreviated from Complex Uncertain Case C4.5 as it is the improvement from C4.5 algorithm. Results: The CUC-C4.5 framework has been applied on the case of differential diagnosis knowledge building in a group decision support system to handle geriatric patient. This framework was implemented by using PHP and Javascript programming language and MySQL DBMS. Conclusion: The CUC-C4.5 can support differential diagnosis analysis on group decision support system for geriatric assessment.

Copyright

© 2010 Kusrini, Sri Hartati, Retantyo Wardoyo and Agus Harjoko. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.