Journal of Computer Science

Performance of Unequal Error Protection Using Maximum A- posteriori Probability Algorithm and Modified MAP in Additive White Gaussian Noise and Fading Channel

T. Gnanasekaran and K. Duraiswamy

DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2008.585.590

Journal of Computer Science

Volume 4, Issue 7

Pages 585-590

Abstract

Problem statement: In this study we propose a method to improve the performance of Maximum A-Posteriori Probability Algorithm, which is used in turbo decoder. Previously the performance of turbo decoder is improved by means of scaling the channel reliability value. Approach: A modification in MAP algorithm proposed in this study, which achieves further improvement in forward error correction by means of scaling the extrinsic information in both decoders without introducing any complexity. The encoder is modified with a new puncturing matrix, which yields Unequal Error Protection (UEP). This modified MAP algorithm is analyzed with the traditional turbo code system Equal Error Protection (EEP) and also with Unequal Error Protection (UEP) both in AWGN channel and fading channel. Result: MAP and modified MAP achieve coding gain of 0.6 dB over EEP in AWGN channel. The MAP and modified MAP achieve coding gain of 0.4 dB and 0.9dB over EEP respectively in Rayleigh fading channel. Modified MAP in UEP class 1 and class 2 gained 0.8 dB and 0.6 dB respectively in AWGN channel where as in fading channel class 1 and 2 gained 0.4 dB and 0.6 dB respectively. Conclusion/Recommendations: The modified MAP algorithm improves the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance in EEP as well as UEP both in AWGN and fading channels. We propose modified MAP error correction algorithm with UEP for broad band communication.

Copyright

© 2008 T. Gnanasekaran and K. Duraiswamy. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.