Digital Hardware Implementation of a Neural System Used for Nonlinear Adaptive Prediction
Hassène Faiedh, Chokri Souani, Kholdoun Torki and Kamel Besbes
DOI : 10.3844/jcssp.2006.355.362
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 2, Issue 4
Neural networks have been widely used for many applications in digital communications. They are able to give solutions to complex problems due to their nonlinear processing and their learning and generalization. Neural networks are one of the key technologies for the communication domain and accordingly a special effort may be expected to be paid to real time hardware implementation issues. In this study, it is proposed a digital hardware implementation of a neural system based on a multilayer perceptron (MLP). The neural system is used for the nonlinear adaptive prediction of nonstationary signals such as speech signals. The implemented architecture of the MLP is generated using a generic elementary neuron (EN). The polynomial approximation method is used to implement the sigmoidal activation function. The back-propagation algorithm is used to implant the prediction task. The circuit implementation architecture is detailed, for achieving real-time prediction for speech signals. The designed ASIC circuit includes a neural network block, an on-chip learning block and a memory used for storing the synaptic weights for updating.
© 2006 Hassène Faiedh, Chokri Souani, Kholdoun Torki and Kamel Besbes. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.