Energy Research Journal

Experimental Efficiency Investigation on Heat Recovery System Used in a Solar-Powered Desalination Process

Aouatef Rachdi, Louy Qoaider, Mahmoud Ben-Amara and AmenAllah Guizani

DOI : 10.3844/erjsp.2012.27.36

Energy Research Journal

Volume 3, 2012

Pages 27-36


The aim of this work is to experimentally study, the effect of the heat recovery on water production in a solar desalination process that is working with multiple stage humidification technique. The water production, the temperature and the humidity were tested for such a pilot plant, which operates without and with a heat recovery system. The humidifier efficiency increases with the number of the operating heat exchangers and cannot normally exceed 45% when the system operates without heat exchangers. The air temperature in the heat exchangers decreases by 41.1, 39.2 and 36°C respectively when the system operates with three heat exchangers, tow heat exchangers in the and only one heat exchanger. The number of the heat exchanger use for heat recovery system in such desalination pilot plant has a significant influence on the water productivity. In short, results show that such a pilot plant working without the use of a heat recovery system (heat exchangers) is unable to deliver the desirable minimal amount distilled water at the exit of the condenser. Furthermore, the optimum number of heat exchangers that should be used to upgrade the overall efficiency of the desalination plant is two.


© 2012 Aouatef Rachdi, Louy Qoaider, Mahmoud Ben-Amara and AmenAllah Guizani. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.